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  • A
    Age Determination
    The process of identifying the age of fish by counting the number of annulus or ring formation on its otolith
  • Artisanal Fishing
    (or traditional/subsistence fishing) are various small-scale, low-technology, low-capital, fishing practices undertaken by individual fishing households (as opposed to commercial companies
  • Age Composition
    The age frequencies of a given stock obtained through length frequency and otolith studies
  • Adulterated Food
    Food where certain materials are added to its original ingredients for the purpose of reducing its quality and nutritional value or the food where some of its nutrient contents have been removed without disclosing this in its food label
  • B
    Beach seine
    Seines operated from the shore. Seine net is a long wall of netting with or without a bag, supported by floats and sinkers, which are operated by surrounding areas of water with potential catch. The net is operated by ropes attached to the end of wings which are used for hauling and for herding the fish.
  • By-Catch
    The part of the catch which is taken incidentally to the target species and which is discarded
  • Brackish Water
    water that is saltier than fresh water, but not as salty as seawater
  • Biological Studies
    The scale at which life is studied, the kinds of organisms studied, and the methods used to study them
  • Biological Diversity
    The variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
  • Bony fish
    Fish class with calsified bone as its skeleton
  • Biological Resources
    Genetic resources, organisms or parts thereof, populations, or any other biotic component of ecosystems with actual or potential use or value for humanity
  • Biomass
    The total weight of all the fish in the stock or in a given area
  • C
    Catch & Effort
    The quantity of catch and the corresponding amount of effort from a certain fishing operation
  • Carbon market
    A popular term for a trading system through which countries may buy or sell units of greenhouse gas emissions in an effort to meeting their national limits on emissions, either under the Kyoto Protocol or under other agreements, such as that among members states of the European Union.
  • Carbon tax
    Tax by governments on the use of carbon-containing fuels
  • Catch Per Unit Effort
    The most commonly used index of relative abundance in fisheries studies and may be recorded in as the number or weight of fish caught per hook per hour, of lobsters caught per trap per day, or of demersal fish caught per hour of trawling
  • Clean technologies
    Both process and product engineering that reduces the pollutants and environmental impacts inherent in industrial production
  • Climate Change
    Change of climate, which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods
  • Certified Emissions Reductions
    CER. Unit equal to one metric ton of carbon dioxide equivalent, which may be used by countries listed in Annex I of the Kyoto Protocol towards meeting their binding emission reduction and limitation commitments.
  • Clean Development Mechanism
    One of three market-based mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) whereby developed countries may finance greenhouse gas emissions-avoiding projects in developing countries, and receive credits for doing so which they may apply towards meeting mandatory limits on their own emissions
  • Cartilaginous fish
    A class of fish with cartilage as its skeleton. This includes sharks, rays, and chimeras.
  • Crustacean
    Crustacean an arthropod of the large, mainly aquatic group Crustacea, such as a crab, lobster, shrimp, or barnacle
  • Carbon sequestration
    The process of removing additional carbon from the atmosphere and depositing it in other ‘reservoirs’, principally through changes in land use. In practical terms, the carbon sequestration occurs mostly through the expansion of forests
  • D
    Land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities
  • E
    Environmentally Sound Management
    Defined as taking all practicable steps to ensure that hazardous waste or other wastes are managed in a manner which will protect human health and the environment against adverse effects which may result from such wastes, in terms of the Basel Convention
  • Ecosystem
    Dynamic complex of plant, animal, micro-organism communities and their non-living environment, interacting as a functional unit (CBD). Ecosystems are irrespective of political boundaries.
  • External Audit
    Is regulatory activity works to add value assistance and improvement in the achievement of objectives through a systematic approach to adjust assess the efficiency of the application of legislation and federal laws blindness in the protected area of ministry work level.
  • Exploitation Ratio
    Ratio between the number of individuals caught and the total number of individuals dead, over a certain period of time
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
    Process by which the environmental consequences of a proposed project or programme are evaluated and alternatives are analyzed. EIA is an integral part of the planning and decision-making processes
  • Emissions trading
    Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol through which Parties with emission commitments may trade units of their emissions allowances with other Parties.
  • F
    Food hygiene
    All conditions and measures necessary to ensure the safety and suitability of food at all stages of the food chain
  • Forked Length
    The measurement taken from the anterior-most part of the fish to the end of the median caudal fin rays (Anderson and Gutreuter 1983)
  • Food Safety Index
    the project that was conducted during 2013 - 2016, to assess overall the food safety output performance of food control bodies in each emirate (and also at a federal level)
  • Food safety
    The assurance that food will not cause harm to the consumer when it is prepared or eaten according to its intended use
  • Fisheries resources
    In general, refers to elements of a natural aquatic resource (e.g. strains, species, populations, stocks, assemblages) which can be legally caught by fishing
  • Fishing Mortality
    The total weight of all fish caught
  • G
    General agreement on Tariffs and Trade (1994). One of the agreements annexed to the Marrakesh Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
  • Greenhouse Gases
    Those gaseous constituents of the atmosphere of natural and anthropogenic together which absorbs infrared and re-broadcast these rays.
  • Growth in Length
    The increase in body length of an organism through time
  • Gonado-Somatic Index
    The ratio of the gonad weigth of the fish to its total weight
  • Gill nets
    are rectangular walls of netting kept erect by means of floats and sinkers and positioned in the swimming layer of the target fish, which catch the fish by holding them in the mesh by gilling.
  • Greenhouse gas
    Atmospheric gas that traps the heat and is responsible for warming the earth and climate change. The major greenhouse gases are carbon dioxides (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) Less prevalent – but very powerful – greenhouse gases are hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). Those gases are regulated under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol. Some greenhouse gases are also regulated under the Montreal Protocol for their effect on the ozone layer.
  • Gutted Weight
    The weight of the organism after the viscera or the internal organs are removed
  • Growth in Weight
    The increase in body weight of an organism through time
  • Growth Parameters
    Factors that affect the growth of the organism such as availability of food, competition, water quality, etc.
  • H
    The place or type of site where an organism or population naturally occurs
  • I
    The gonad is still incapable of sexual reproduction
  • IPPC
    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Established jointly by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and UNEP in 1998 to assess the scientific technical and socio-economic impacts of climate change.
  • Invertebrates
    an animal lacking a backbone, such as an arthropod, mollusc, annelid, coelenterate, etc. The invertebrates constitute an artificial division of the animal kingdom, comprising 95 per cent of animal species and about thirty different phyla
  • Industry Plants – Crushers and Quarries.
    Projects that engaged in the extraction, processing and storage and transportation of rocks, sand and include crushers and quarries.
  • ISO
    International Organization for Standardization. Non-governmental organization the members of which are national standards institutes of 156 countries. Established in 1946 to facilitate the international coordination and unification of industrial standards.
  • K
    Kyoto Protocol
    Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Provides for binding emission reductions for Annex I Parties to the UNFCCC. Adopted in 1997, entered into force in 2005
  • L
    Length Weight Relationship
    Estimation the fish weight based on the known length
  • Length at First Maturity
    Mean length at which fish of a given population develop ripe gonads for the first time
  • Length Frequency Distribution
    A graph showing the number of fish at each length (cm) of a certain catch
  • Long line
    large number of hooks are attached to the mainline by means of branch lines
  • M
    The organism is capable of sexual reproduction
  • N
    National Rapid Alert System
    This system applies to information exchange on the foodborne risks reported by the relevant authorities, which are discovered or anticipated through official inspections, surveillances of outbreaks of foodborne diseases, consumer complaints and notifications from food establishments as well as those that are received through relevant regional and international networks
  • P
    Industry Plants – Industry Field
    Projects operating in the cement industry.
  • Protected Area
    A geographically defined area which is designated or regulated and managed to achieve specific conservation objectives
  • S
    Sanitary measures
    Measures to protect the health of the consumer in the country from risks linked to food additives, contaminants, toxins or pathogenic microorganisms in food or from risks emerged by diseases transmitted by plants, animals, plant or animal products, or other risks
  • Sound management
    Taking all practicable steps to ensure that management takes place in a manner which protects human health and the environment against the adverse effects of activities, processes, products or substances.
  • Sustainable use
    Use in a way and at a rate that does not lead to the long-term degradation of the environment, thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations.
  • Sustainable development
    Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
  • Strategic environmental assessment
    Procedure for incorporating environmental consideration into national policies, plans and programmes. Sometimes referred to as “strategic environmental impact assessment”.
  • SIDS
    Small Island Developing States. Low-lying coastal countries that share similar development challenges and concerns about the environment, especially their vulnerability to the adverse effects of global climate change. Agenda 21 recognized that SIDS and islands supporting small communities are a special case both for environment and development. Currently 41 SIDS are included in the list used by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
  • State of Environment Report
    It is a report that monitor the environmental situation and the pressures caused by the immediate and future challenges, the report documents the efforts to address these pressures and challenges
  • Strategic environmental assessment
    Procedure for incorporating environmental consideration into national policies, plans and programmes. Sometimes referred to as “strategic environmental impact assessment”.
  • T
    Type II Partnership
    A multi-stakeholder partnership involving, inter alia, governments, non-governmental organizations, businesses, universities, and/or other institutions. Type of partnership launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) to implement commitments embedded in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
  • Technology Transfer
    Transmission of know-how, equipment and products to governments, organizations or other stakeholders. Usually also implies adaptation for use in a specific cultural, social, economic and environmental context
  • V
    Voluntary Contribution
    A contribution of any kind that unlike assessed contributions is not assessed under a binding international agreement, including the furnishing of funds for other financial support, services of any kind (including the use of experts or other personnel), or commodities, equipment, supplies or other material
  • Vulnerability
    The degree to which a community, population, species, ecosystem, region, agricultural system or some other quantity is susceptible, or unable to cope with, adverse effects.
  • W
    Areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters
  • Wildlife
    Living things that are neither human nor domesticated
  • ن
    نوع السماد
    أي مادة تقع ضمن الأسمدة ومصلحات التربة الزراعية التي يشملها هذه اللائحة.