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Marine and coastal environment

The marine and coastal environment of the UAE holds great importance in terms of economic, social and environmental aspects. It encompasses the majority of the population and biodiversity, most economic and social activities are held there, and it is an essential source of oil production, desalination and fishing, and a major artery for trade with the outside world.

In line with this importance, the marine and coastal environment in the UAE has received special attention. Various efforts have been made by specialized authorities to protect the marine environment and its resources, including issuing and implementing laws and regulations to protect it from pollution, regulate activities in the marine environment or the coastal strip and establish marine protected areas for the conservation and development of biodiversity.

The Ministry of Climate Change and Environment, in collaboration with its partners in the public and private sectors, continues to work towards greater protection of the marine and coastal environment and the preservation of its vital role through implementing the principles of the integrated management of the marine and coastal environment.

Reports / Bulletins / Guides


  • A
    Age Composition
    The age frequencies of a given stock obtained through length frequency and otolith studies
  • Age Determination
    The process of identifying the age of fish by counting the number of annulus or ring formation on its otolith
  • Artisanal Fishing
    (or traditional/subsistence fishing) are various small-scale, low-technology, low-capital, fishing practices undertaken by individual fishing households (as opposed to commercial companies
  • B
    Biological Studies
    The scale at which life is studied, the kinds of organisms studied, and the methods used to study them
  • Biomass
    The total weight of all the fish in the stock or in a given area
  • Bony fish
    Fish class with calsified bone as its skeleton
  • Beach seine
    Seines operated from the shore. Seine net is a long wall of netting with or without a bag, supported by floats and sinkers, which are operated by surrounding areas of water with potential catch. The net is operated by ropes attached to the end of wings which are used for hauling and for herding the fish.
  • Brackish Water
    water that is saltier than fresh water, but not as salty as seawater
  • By-Catch
    The part of the catch which is taken incidentally to the target species and which is discarded
  • C
    Crustacean an arthropod of the large, mainly aquatic group Crustacea, such as a crab, lobster, shrimp, or barnacle
  • Cartilaginous fish
    A class of fish with cartilage as its skeleton. This includes sharks, rays, and chimeras.
  • Catch Per Unit Effort
    The most commonly used index of relative abundance in fisheries studies and may be recorded in as the number or weight of fish caught per hook per hour, of lobsters caught per trap per day, or of demersal fish caught per hour of trawling
  • Catch & Effort
    The quantity of catch and the corresponding amount of effort from a certain fishing operation
  • E
    Exploitation Ratio
    Ratio between the number of individuals caught and the total number of individuals dead, over a certain period of time
  • F
    Fishing Mortality
    The total weight of all fish caught
  • Forked Length
    The measurement taken from the anterior-most part of the fish to the end of the median caudal fin rays (Anderson and Gutreuter 1983)
  • Fisheries resources
    In general, refers to elements of a natural aquatic resource (e.g. strains, species, populations, stocks, assemblages) which can be legally caught by fishing
  • G
    Growth in Length
    The increase in body length of an organism through time
  • Gonado-Somatic Index
    The ratio of the gonad weigth of the fish to its total weight
  • Gill nets
    are rectangular walls of netting kept erect by means of floats and sinkers and positioned in the swimming layer of the target fish, which catch the fish by holding them in the mesh by gilling.
  • g
    Growth in Weight
    The increase in body weight of an organism through time
  • G
    Growth Parameters
    Factors that affect the growth of the organism such as availability of food, competition, water quality, etc.
  • Gutted Weight
    The weight of the organism after the viscera or the internal organs are removed
  • I
    an animal lacking a backbone, such as an arthropod, mollusc, annelid, coelenterate, etc. The invertebrates constitute an artificial division of the animal kingdom, comprising 95 per cent of animal species and about thirty different phyla
  • Immature
    The gonad is still incapable of sexual reproduction
  • L
    Length Weight Relationship
    Estimation the fish weight based on the known length
  • Length Frequency Distribution
    A graph showing the number of fish at each length (cm) of a certain catch
  • Long line
    large number of hooks are attached to the mainline by means of branch lines
  • Length at First Maturity
    Mean length at which fish of a given population develop ripe gonads for the first time
  • M
    The organism is capable of sexual reproduction

Studies and Researches

Initiatives & Projects

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    Mawroothna Initiative

    DISCOUNTS & PRIVILEGES for citizens in professions of Fishermen & Farm Owners

    • 8 May - 8 May
    • 12:00 AM –12:00 AM
    • moccae
    • Read more